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劉毅GRE字根字匯 Wordlist 23(單詞帶例句)

kira86 于2019-04-23發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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劉毅GRE字根字匯,GRE常考詞匯,單詞帶例句、附同義詞和反義詞,中英字幕。
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adversity

n. trouble; misfortune 不幸;災難

It was Mona's strength in adversity that helped the shipwrecked crew survive until help came.

是莫娜的力量幫助遭受船難的船員在災難中生存下去,直到救援抵達。

Synonym

同義詞:affliction; misery; calamity

Antonym

反義詞:prosperity;bliss; felicity

advert

v. to refer to 談及

In explaining Lenin's communist thinking, the professor adverted to the philosophers Marx and Engels.

在解釋列寧的共產主義思想時,教授提到哲學家馬克斯和恩格斯。

averse

adj. 1. opposed 反對的 2. loath嫌惡的

Paul was averse to letting the nurse even approach him with the injection needle in her hand.

保羅連讓手上拿著注射針的護士靠近一步都不愿意。

Synonym

同義詞:1. objecting 2. disinclined; antipathetic

conversant

adj. familiar 精通的;熟悉的

At her family reunion, Nina was quite surprised her husband was so conversant with her family tree.

在家庭聚會中,尼娜很驚訝地發現,她的先生對她家的家譜這么熟悉。

Synonym

同義詞:versed; skilled

conveyance

n. transportation; vehicle 運輸;交通工具

What mode of conveyance would you recommend for traveling through Europe?

在歐洲旅行,你會推薦哪一種交通工具?

convict

v. to declare that someone is guilty 判罪

 

n. conviction

Richard was convicted of embezzling hundreds of thousands of dollars from the company.

理査因為盜用公司數十萬元公款而被宣判有罪。

* embezzle

盜用(公款)

Synonym

同義詞:condemn; sentence

convivial

adj. flippy; gay 快樂的;歡樂的

The wedding banquet was a convivial occasion enjoyed by everyone in attendance.

結婚喜宴是一個歡樂的場合,每個參加的人都很喜歡。

Synonym

同義詞:vivacious; jocund; merry

Antonym

反義詞:melancholy

devious

adj. 1. roundabout 迂回的 2. not straightforward 不正當的

To lose his pursuers, Harry took the most devious route he could to reach his hideout.

為了擺脫追捕的人,哈利盡量繞道而行,回到他的藏身處。

* hideout

隱藏處

Synonym

同義詞:1. circuitous;tortuous 2. underhand; tortuous

Antonym

反義詞:straightforward

diversity

n. difference; variety 不同;多樣

A defining attribute of American society is the ethnic diversity of its members.

美國社會一個鮮明的特征,就是其成員包含多樣的種族。

* attribute

特征

* ethnic

種族的

Synonym

同義詞:identity; uniformity

evince

v. to show 表現;表明

It was rare to see a child so young evince a great talent for painting.

年紀這么小的孩子就顯露出繪畫的才能,實在罕見。

Synonym

同義詞:indicate; display; demonstrate

Antonym

反義詞:conceal

improvise

v. to produce without preparation 即席而作

Robin Williams is noted for his ability to improvise during any performance.

羅賓·威廉斯以能在任何演出中即興表演而得名。

Synonym

同義詞:extemporize; improvisate

introvert

n. one who is interested in his own thoughts and feelings 內向的人

Most introverts prefer to be alone or with small groups of friends rather than with large crowds of people.

大多數內向的人 喜歡自己一個人,或和少數幾個朋友在一起,而不喜歡和一大群人共處。

invidious

adj. likely to cause ill-feeling 令人反感的;招嫉妒的

Throughout history, few positions have been quite so invidious as that of the tax collector.

綜觀歷史,很少有職位像收稅員這樣令人反感。

Synonym

同義詞:odious; repugnant

Antonym

反義詞:agreeable; pleasant

invincible

v. unconquerable 不可征服的

Despite all the troops' efforts to take the fort, the enemy forces were truly invincible.

盡管軍隊全力要攻下堡壘,還是無法征服敵軍。

Synonym

同義詞:impregnable; inexpugnable; undefeatable

Antonym

反義詞:subduable; vanquishable

obviate

v. to get rid of; to prevent 排除;防止

 

n. obviation

Recycling efforts can help obviate waste management problems of overcrowded cities in the future.

在過度擁擠的都市,再生利用的努力對于將來垃圾處理問題的預防,很有幫助。

* recycle

再生利用

Synonym

同義詞:preclude; deter

perverse

adj. stubborn; intractable 頑固的;任性的

His perverse insistence on immaculate cleanliness in the office annoyed workers who insisted on a more comfortable environment.

他頑固地堅持辦公室要一塵不染,使希望環境舒適一點的員工感到厭煩。

* immaculate

無瑕疵的

Synonym

同義詞:obstinate; obdurate

Antonym

反義詞:docile; yielding; obedient

perversion

n. 1. turning from right to wrong 曲解 2. corruption 墮落

The cult leader used his perversion of Christian scripture as doctrine for his group to follow.

該教派的領袖以曲解后的圣經為教義,供教徒們遵循。

* cult

教派

* scripture

經文

Synonym

同義詞:1. distortion 2. depravity

pervious

adj. allowing passage through; accepting of 能透過的;能接納的

Young children's minds are pervious to the violence and consumerism they see every day on the television.

孩子們幼小的心靈,對于每天在電視上所看到的暴力和消費主義,都全盤接受。

* consumerism

消費主義

Synonym

同義詞:impenetrable; impermeable

provident

adj. foreseeing; providing for future needs 預知的;有遠慮的

Donald's provident preparation of a tornado shelter saved his family's lives when a twister hit his neighborhood.

當龍卷風襲擊他們那一帶時,唐納德預先準備的避難處,救了全家人的生命。

* tornado

龍卷風(=twister)

Synonym

同義詞:foresighted

Antonym

反義詞:shortsighted

tergiversation

n. 1. complete change in one's principles, etc. 變節 2. evasion 規避

Kelley's tergiversation prompted her to quit her political party and join a labor group.

凱莉的變節促使她退出政黨,加入勞工團體。

* prompt

促使

traverse

v. to travel across 橫過

Dog-drawn sleds were used by the explorers to traverse the ice fields with their equipment.

探險家利用狗拉雪橈來裝載設備,橫過冰原。

viable

adj. able to exist; workable 能生存的;行得通的

I am afraid your plan is not viable because we do not have the funds available to sustain it.

我恐怕你的計劃行不通,因為我們沒有可用的資金來支持它。

* sustain

支持

viand

n. food 食物

For truly delicious viand, you should ask Ryan to bake you one of his wonderful cakes.

要吃真正美味的食物,你應該要求雷恩烤一個好吃的蛋糕給你嘗嘗

visionary

adj. fanciful 幻想的;空想的

His paintings were of visionary worlds, populated by imaginary creatures.

他的畫都是幻想的世界,居住著想像中的生物。

Synonym

同義詞:quixotic; chimerical; imaginary

Antonym

反義詞:realistic; pragmatic

vivacious

adj. lively; high-spirited 活潑的;快活的

Polly's vivacious personality never fails to brighten up a room.

波麗活潑的個性,總是使整個房間的氣氛活躍起來。

Synonym

同義詞:animated; cheerful; jolly

Antonym

反義詞:languid

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