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劉毅GRE字根字匯 Wordlist 25(單詞帶例句)

kira86 于2019-04-25發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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劉毅GRE字根字匯,GRE常考詞匯,單詞帶例句、附同義詞和反義詞,中英字幕。
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antagonism

n. active opposition 敵對

All of the factory workers felt deep antagonism towards the foreman.

工廠里所有的工人對于領班都懷有很深的敵意。

* foreman

(工廠等的)領班;工頭

Synonym

同義詞:rivalry; hostility

Antonym

反義詞:amity; alliance

antediluvian

adj. ancient 洪水時代以前的;原始的

It seemed progress would never reach the little town by politicians with antediluvian ideas of freedom.

由自由觀念過時的政治人物所統治的小城,似乎永遠不會有進步。

Synonym

同義詞:prehistoric; primeval; primordial

antenuptial

adj. before the wedding 婚前的

An antenuptial dinner was held to introduce the two families formally to one another.

結婚前會舉行一次晚宴,正式介紹雙方家人認識。

antiseptic

adj. preventing the growth of germs or destroying germs 防腐的;殺菌的

Alcohol has antiseptic qualities and is therefore used to sterilize an injection site.

酒精具有殺菌的特性,因此被用來消毒要打針的部位。

* sterilize

消毒

Synonym

同義詞:aseptic

antithesis

n. opposite; contrast 相反;對照

Seth's conservative views on social spending are the antithesis of his liberal parents9 views.

塞斯對社會開支問題的看法相當保守,和他父母的開明見解相反。

Synonym

同義詞:contrary; reverse

archbishop

n. chief bishop 大主教

The Archbishop of Canterbury visited several isolated churches in the countryside to talk with the parishioners.

坎特伯雷大主教參觀鄉村幾座孤立的教堂,并和教區的居民談話。

* parishioner

教區的居民

archetype

n. original model 原型

 

adj. archetypal

The Code of Hammurabi is considered the earliest archetype of modem law.

漢摩拉比法典被認為是現代法律最早的原型。

autocracy

n. rule by one person 專制政治;獨裁政治

Nazi Germany was an autocracy where absolute powerlias vested in one person, Adolf Hitler.

納粹德國是個獨裁統治的國家,權力全集中于希特勒一人。

Synonym

同義詞:tyranny; dictatorship; despotism

autonomous

adj. self-governing 自治的

The former Soviet Union has broken up into several autonomous republics.

前蘇聯分裂成數個自治的共和國。

Synonym

同義詞:independent; sovereign

benediction

n. speaking of good wishes 祝福

The priest began the meeting to plan the building of the new church with a benediction.

牧師以祝福來作為建造新教堂籌備會議的開始。

Synonym

同義詞:blessing; benison

benefactor

n. one who does good 行善者;捐助人

Through the generosity of his benefactor, Victor was able to attend college.

經由捐助人的慷慨捐助,維克多才能上大學。

Synonym

同義詞:philanthropist

benevolence

n. charity 仁慈;慈善

The mayor's benevolence gained the respect and trust of all the townspeople.

鎮長的仁慈贏得全體鎮民的尊敬與信任。

Synonym

同義詞:malevolence

bicameral

adj. legislature consisting of two houses 兩院制的

The United States bicameral legislature consists of the upper Senate and the lower House of Representatives.

美國兩院制的議會,包括上議院——參議院和下議院——眾議院。

* legislature

議會;立法院

* Senate

參議院

* the House of Representatives

眾議院

bifurcate

adj. forked; dividing into two branches 分叉的

This road is bifurcated ahead, so you will have to follow me very closely so you do not take the wrong road.

這條路在前面有分叉,所以你要緊跟著我,以免走錯路。

binocular

adj. of the use of both eyes 雙眼并用的

This machine checks your vision in each eye individually, and then does a check of your binocular vision.

這臺機器先分別檢查你每只眼睛的視力,然后再檢查你兩眼并用時的視力。

catalyst

n. person or thing that helps speed up or cause a change 催化劑

Looking back, we can see that sending troops to monitor the border was a catalyst to the war that finally broke out.

回顧從前我們可以了解,派遣軍隊去看守邊境,是導致戰爭終于爆發的催化劑。

* monitor

監督

Synonym

同義詞:stimulus; incentive

catapult

v. to hurl 投擲;彈射

The force of the plane's impact catapulted passengers from their seats and caused great injury.

飛機撞擊的沖力,將乘客從座位上彈起來,造成嚴重傷害。

* impact

撞擊

Synonym

同義詞:pitch;hurtle

catastrophe

n. disaster 大災禍

The world had seldom seen a catastrophe on the scale of this flood before.

這個世界從前很少經歷像這次水災這么大規模的災禍。

Synonym

同義詞:calamity; adversity; misadventure

collateral

adj. parallel; connected 并行的;連結的

Collateral businesses in the area have created an organization to promote themselves jointly.

這個地區相關的行業已組成一個機構,來促進共同的發展。

commiserate

v. to feel pity for 同情;安慰

Martha's friends all came over to her house to commiserate over being laid off at the company.

瑪莎的朋友都來她家,對她被公司解雇表達安慰之意。

* lay off

暫時解雇

Synonym

同義詞:sympathize; condole

congenital

adj. existing from or before birth 天生的

Alice's son was born with a serious congenital heart defect and will have to undergo surgery.

愛莉絲的兒子岀生就患有嚴重的先天性心臟缺陷,必須接受手術。

Synonym

同義詞:inborn; inherent; innate; inbred

contradict

v. to disagree 1. 反駁 2. 抵觸

Our study contradicts the findings of the tobacco company's research that smoking only has minimal risks.

草公司研究結果,說吸煙只會造成一點點危險,與我們的研究互相抵觸。

Synonym

同義詞:1. dispute; refute 2. contravene

Antonym

反義詞:1. agree; corroborate; confirm

contravene

v. 1. to act in opposition to 違反 2. to conflict with 抵觸

As an act of defiance, the protestants contravened laws they felt were unjust or improper.

抗議者公開反對他們認為不公平或不適當的法律,以行動表示反抗。

* defiance

(公然的)反抗

Synonym

同義詞:1. violate; defy 2. contradict

controvert

v. 1. to dispute about 爭論 2. to deny 否定

Several biologists controverted the accuracy of the results of Dr. Wang's experiments.

有幾位生物學家對王博士實驗結果的準確性有爭議。

Synonym

同義詞:1. argue; debate 2. negate

corrosive

adj. wearing away; destroying slowly by chemical action 腐蝕(性)的

 

v. corrode

The salt mist in the air has an extremely corrosive effect on anything metal along the beach.

空氣中的鹽份對于海灘上的金屬物質,有高度的腐蝕作用。

Synonym

同義詞:erosive; caustic

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