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發現系外行星:三名科學家獲得諾貝爾物理學獎

wzyxm 于2019-10-12發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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三名科學家因其幫助理解“宇宙的演化和地球在宇宙中的地位”而榮獲諾貝爾物理學獎。只是發現了一顆星,憑什么得了諾貝爾獎?
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Three scientists have won the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work in helping to understand "the evolution of the universe and the Earth's place in the cosmos."

三名科學家因其幫助理解“宇宙的演化和地球在宇宙中的地位”而榮獲諾貝爾物理學獎。

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced the winners Tuesday.

瑞典皇家科學院周二宣布了獲獎者。

Half of the $918,000 in prize money will go to Canadian-born James Peebles, a retired professor at Princeton University in the United States. The Nobel Committee on Physics praised his theoretical discoveries in cosmology - the science of the beginnings and development of the universe.

在91.8萬美元的獎金中,有一半將被授予出生在加拿大的詹姆斯·皮布爾斯,他是美國普林斯頓大學的退休教授。諾貝爾物理學委員會表彰了他在宇宙學中的理論發現,這是一門關于宇宙起源和發展的科學。

The other half of the award will go to Michael Mayor and Didier Queloz, both of the University of Geneva in Switzerland. In 1995, the two men announced the first discovery of an exoplanet - a planet outside our solar system - that orbits a sun-like star.

另一半獎金將授予米歇爾·馬約爾和迪迪埃·奎洛茲,兩人都來自瑞士日內瓦大學。1995年,兩人宣布首次發現一顆系外行星,即太陽系以外圍繞類日恒星運行的行星。

Queloz also works at the University of Cambridge in England.

奎洛茲也在英國劍橋大學工作。

Ulf Danielsson of the Royal Swedish Academy of Science spoke to reporters as the winners were announced.

瑞典皇家科學院的烏爾夫·丹尼爾森在獲獎者宣布之際接受了記者采訪。

This year's Nobel laureates in physics have painted a picture of the universe far stranger and more wonderful than we ever could have imagined, he said.

他說:“今年的諾貝爾物理學獎獲獎者給我們描繪了一副比我們想象中更為陌生和奇妙的宇宙圖景。”

Scientists have praised Peebles as one of the most influential cosmologists of his time. They say he recognized the importance of the cosmic radiation background that was left over from a huge explosion billions of years ago. Scientists call the explosion "the Big Bang."

科學家稱贊皮布爾斯是他那個時代最有影響力的宇宙學家之一。他們說皮布爾斯認識到了數十億年前一場巨大爆炸留下的宇宙輻射背景的重要性。科學家們稱這次爆炸為“大爆炸。”

The Nobel committee said Peebles' theories about the cosmos led to "the foundation of our modern understanding of the universe's history, from the Big Bang to the present day."

諾貝爾獎委員會表示,皮布爾斯關于宇宙的理論奠定了“我們對從大爆炸到現在的宇宙歷史的現代理解的基礎。”

Peebles laughed repeatedly when he spoke by telephone with The Associated Press. He talked about answering the phone before sunrise and thinking that "it's either something very wonderful or it's something horrible."

皮布爾斯在接受美聯社的電話采訪中多次笑出聲來。他談到了天還沒亮接聽電話,覺得“要么是好事,要么是壞事。”

Mayor and Queloz were credited for having "started a revolution in astronomy" with the discovery of exoplanet 51 Pegasi B. The gaseous ball is comparable to the planet Jupiter.

馬約爾和奎洛茲因為發現了系外行星飛馬座51,“開啟了天文學革命”而獲得表彰。這顆氣態星球可以與木星相媲美。

Mayor noted that in 1995, "no one knew whether exoplanets existed or not."

馬約爾指出,在1995年“沒有人知道系外行星是否存在。”

The committee said more than 4,000 exoplanets have been found in our own Milky Way galaxy since then.

諾獎委員會表示,自那時起,在我們自己的銀河系發現了4千多顆系外行星。

Queloz was meeting with other scientists interested in finding new planets when the press office at Cambridge University told him the big news: He had won the Nobel Prize.

當劍橋大學新聞辦公室告訴奎洛茲他獲得諾獎的這一重大新聞時,他正在跟其他有志于尋找新行星的科學家們會面。

He thought it was joke at first.

他一開始以為是玩笑。

I could barely breathe, Queloz told the AP. "It's enormous. It's beyond usual emotions. My hand was shaking for a long time."

奎洛茲對美聯社表示:“我幾乎沒法呼吸。這是大事,超出了普通的情緒。我的手抖了好久。”

Swedish academy member Mats Larsson said this year's award was "one of the easiest physics prizes for a long time to explain."

瑞典學院成員馬茨·拉爾森表示,今年的獎項是“長期以來最容易解釋的物理學獎之一。”

If there are a hundred billion planetary systems, with maybe 10 billion planetary systems with Earth-like planets, it would be highly unlikely and against all physical theories to assume that life only developed on our planet, he added.

他還說:“如果有一千億個行星系統,里面可能就會有一百億個具有類地行星的行星系統。那么這可能就會違背假設只有地球才有生命的所有物理理論。”

The three men will be recognized at ceremonies in Stockholm on December 10, the anniversary of the death of prize founder Alfred Nobel in 1896.

這三人將于12月10日在斯德哥爾摩的頒獎典禮上獲得表彰,這天也是諾獎創始人阿爾弗雷德·諾貝爾的忌日。

I'm Anne Ball.

我是安妮·鮑爾。

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